The knee joint bears the body’s weight, and plays a crucial role in standing, walking, and running.
There are three major bones:
There is a layer of cartilage at the ends of the bones that cushions its movement against the other bones. The cartilage pads that lie between the tibia and femur are called the meniscus.
Within the joint capsule, bursae, or small fluid-filled sacs, cushion the joint and allow for ease of movement.
Tendons and ligaments hold the bones in place, and attach to the capsule. They all serve to allow for movement, while helping to prevent injury by preventing the bones from moving too far in the wrong direction.
There are many possible causes for pain in the knee and area. Here are some of the most common.
There are many different types of arthritis that act via different means. The most common to the knee are:
The RICE protocol should help for milder injuries and conditions, and even if you are waiting to get professional medical help.
Over the counter anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen can also help reduce pain and swelling. If swelling is not an issue, then heat can be applied.
You can treat occasional soreness or fatigue with over the counter medications and a little rest. When it goes beyond that stage, however, you should know the signs when to seek medical attention from your Ottawa physiotherapist or other sports medicine specialist
When the pain is evidence of a serious issue, our Ottawa physiotherapy, chiropractic and sports medicine clinics are available to help. Don’t hesitate to contact one of our Ottawa locations today for a consultation.